Acne

Acne Specialist
Approximately 17 million people in the United States suffer from acne. Dr. Robert S. Berger at Charles County Dermatology Associates has developed nationwide protocols for the treatment of acne using an intense, pulse light device. He expertly treats men, women, and children in White Plains, Maryland, and the surrounding communities for bothersome acne. Without treatment, acne can persist for years. If you suffer from this skin condition, call or schedule an online appointment.

Acne Q & A

Charles County Dermatology Associates

What is acne?

Acne is a skin disorder occurring when your hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil. Acne typically appears on your:

  • Face
  • Neck
  • Shoulders
  • Back
  • Chest
  • Without treatment, acne tends to heal slowly. When one pimple or bump begins to fade, others usually appear. Severe cases of acne can lead to emotional distress and physical scarring. Seeking treatment early can decrease your risk of succumbing to lasting emotional and physical damage.

What are the symptoms of acne?

The signs of acne differ based on the severity of your case. Seeing whiteheads, blackheads, and small, red, and tender bumps is common. Whiteheads are closed, clogged pores while blackheads are open, clogged pores. You may also have red bumps with pus located at their tips. In addition to bumps, you can have painful lumps beneath the surface of your skin. When these lumps are filled with pus, they’re referred to as cystic lesions.

What causes acne?

]Genetics is the main cause of acne. People possessing an excessive amount of oil glands are more prone to suffer from acne. Adolescents frequently get acne due to androgens -- hormones that become elevated during puberty, enlarge the sebaceous glands and cause them to manufacture more sebum. Dead skin cells, clogged pores, bacteria, certain types of medications, stress, and diet can also contribute to the development of acne. Dairy products, carbohydrates, and chocolate are all thought to trigger acne outbreaks.

How is acne treated?

Dr. Berger can help you control your acne and avoid scarring and other damage to your skin. Depending on the type and severity of your acne, Dr. Berger might recommend:

  • Topical medicines
  • Oral medications
  • Light therapy
  • A combination of these treatments


Retinoids, antibiotics, and dapsone are popular types of topical medicines. In addition to a cream form, Dr. Berger might recommend an oral form of antibiotics. Besides antibiotics, oral contraceptives, anti-androgen agents, and isotretinoin are other types of oral medications used to treat acne.

Dr. Berger is also an expert at using Acleara™, a laser device that treats mild and moderate acne. Acleara delivers an intense pulsed light (IPL) to the location of your acne through a hand-piece using vacuum technology. Dr. Berger uses Acleara on people of all skin types. Regardless of what your skin type is, though, IPL has a strong track record of either eliminating or reducing the need for systemic therapies. In other words, most patients who opt for an IPL don’t have to use antibiotics or isotretinoin afterward!

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